"EU and national policies call for an increase in the share of renewable energy in energy consumption. The Baltic Sea Region is a frontrunner in this respect. Many regions, including the ones of the BEA-APP project, have set very ambitious targets on renewable energy use.
To meet these goals, suitable areas for renewable energy installations such as wind parks, bio-energy units or solar panels need to be available. Spatial planners are tasked with making such space available. At the same time, they need to strike a balance between spatial claims for renewable energy with competing aims and land uses (e.g. nature protection, cultural landscapes, agriculture, tourism).
This job is a challenge in itself. Moreover, spatial planners lack the appropriate spatial planning instruments. Apart from that, they often face local resistance when designating areas for renewable energy production."